Toolkit: Stop Anti-Solar Bill AB1139

Last updated June 3rd, 2021

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), the entity responsible for regulating the investor-owned electric and gas utilities in California, has launched a proceeding to re-evaluate the current net energy metering (NEM) program and decide upon a new NEM program, to be established as NEM 3.0.

Simply put, NEM is the program that allows rooftop solar customers to be compensated for the excess electricity they send back to the power grid.  NEM, paired with solar financing and ratepayer funded incentives, has allowed solar to become increasingly accessible to low-and-moderate income families across California.

California investor-owned-utilities (IOUs), Pacific Gas and Electric, San Diego Gas & Electric and Southern California Edison have submitted a joint proposal that calls for drastic changes to NEM that would make solar energy more expensive, increase the amount of time it takes for customers to pay off the system and ultimately has the potential to eliminate the California solar market.  

For a deeper dive on NEM in California, please visit our blog on the history of NEM.

Party Proposals

A total of 17 party proposals were submitted to the CPUC for consideration early this year.  Each proposal is required to demonstrate the cost effectiveness of their proposal as well as adhere to the guiding principles put forth by the CPUC.  These guiding principles include:

  • Ensuring equity among customers
  • Enhancing consumer protection measures
  • Maximizing the value of customer-sited renewable generation to all customers
  • Ensuring transparency to all customers 
  • Coordination with current California energy policies including Senate Bill 100 

Solar friendly proposals were submitted by:

  • California Solar and Storage Association
  • CAlifornians for Renewable Energy
  • Coalition for Community Solar Access
  • California Energy Storage Alliance
  • Vote Solar, Sierra Club and GRID Alternatives
  • Solar Energy Industries Association and Vote Solar
  • Ivy Energy
  • Protect our Communities Foundation
  • Clean Coalition

Non solar friendly proposals were submitted by:

  • The California IOUs
  • Sierra Club
  • Natural Resources Defense Council
  • The Utility Reform Network
  • Cal Advocates
  • Foundation Wind Power
  • California Wind Energy Association
  • Small Business Utility Advocates

A final decision is expected early next year, however the current timeline is subject to change.  Below is the expected schedule for the remainder of the year.

Opening Testimony
June 18, 2021
Rebuttal Testimony
July 16, 2021
Evidentiary Hearing
July 26 - August 12, 2021
Completion of Settlement Talks
August 27, 2021
Opening Briefs
August 27, 2021
Reply Briefs
September 10, 2021
Proposed Decision
December 13, 2021
Commision Decision
January 27, 2022
New Tariff Effective
May 28, 2022
What Has Transpired

On Thursday June 24, the CPUC voted to approve major updates to the calculator that will be used to evaluate every NEM proposal, called the Avoided Cost Calculator.  These major updates undercut the value of solar by two-thirds compared to the 2020 version of the calculator.  The calculator was developed by the E3 consulting firm which is the same consulting firm used by utilities that regularly puts out products that are biased against distributed generation.
The commissioners voted unanimously to approve the updates despite the fact that the calculator uses an entirely new and untested model for predicting how wholesale energy pricing will behave in the future.  These updates were labeled as minor, and as such did not go through a robust public process where stakeholders can engage and vet the new model.  Over 7,000 comments were made by environmental advocates, homeowners, community groups and climate justice organizations urging the commissioners to not vote to make the updates official until after the new model has been put through a public process. 

On September 8, the City of Solana Beach became the first city in California to pass a resolution standing up for a strong NEM!  We hope this decision will encourage other cities in the region to stand up for rooftop solar and send a strong message to the commissioners before making their proposed decision later this year.  In addition to the City of Solana Beach passing this historic resolution, City of San Diego Councilmember Raul Campillo also released a letter that he sent to Governor Newsom and the CPUC. Business for Good San Diego also released a similar letter they sent to the governor and CPUC as well. 

On November 9, 2021, the City of Chula Vista voted to approve a resolution and a letter advocating for the CPUC not to make any drastic changes to the current net energy metering policy, which has been very successful in finally making solar accessible to communities of concern.
On November 11, 2021, National City Mayor Serge Dedina released a letter to the governor requesting his support to protect the net energy metering program to help expand access to solar and energy storage in underprivileged communities.

On November 15, 2021, the City of San Diego, America’s second-best solar city, became the largest city in the state to weigh in on the proceeding.
Shortly after San Diego’s resolution was approved, the City of Encinitas weighed in with a letter from the city council and Mayor Catherine Blakespear, which stated “the City of Encinitas was proud to be one of the first cities in the region to join a community choice energy program, San Diego Community Power (SDCP), and we have plans for our program to benefit the community in various ways, and net metering plays a role in our impact.  The solar fees that are being proposed by the IOUs are fees that SDCP will not be able to avoid, meaning that rooftop solar for our community choice energy program customers may still be inaccessible despite SDCP’s solar-friendly NEM rate, which is bad for our community members, makes it harder and more expensive for SDCP to reach 100 percent clean energy and takes away from potential program opportunities to benefit the community.” 

Read more about our growing local coalition here.

Community Voices
San Diego City Council NEM Support Letter
City of Encinitas NEM Support Letter
City of Imperial Beach NEM Support Letter
City of Solana Beach NEM 3.0 Resolution
Councilmember Campillo NEM Support Letter
Business for Good NEM Support Letter
City of Berkeley NEM Support Letter
San Diego Community Power NEM Support Letter
Ways to Get Involved
  1. Sign the Save California Solar petition.
  2. Sign onto our coalition’s NEM letter, urging the CPUC and Governor Newsom to increase solar access while prioritizing equity.
  3. Attend our monthly Save California Solar coalition meetings
  4. Call on your elected officials to advocate for a strong NEM! Rooftop solar is crucial in meeting local climate action plans, creating local jobs and addressing the climate crisis by transitioning away from fossil fuels.
  5. Call into the CPUC meetings to make non-agenda public comments. Commission meeting dates can be found on the public calendar. The meetings are available to watch via webcast at however in order to make public comments you must call in.
  6. Call-in directions and talking points:  

If you would like to speak during the public comment period at the start of the meeting, please participate by phone and call in by 10 a.m. and you will be able to make your comment. Comments cannot not exceed 2 minutes.

1-800-857-1917, passcode: 9899501 (to make a public comment during the public comment period, press *1)

  • State your name and organization or location.  
  • Indicate you are calling in to urge the CPUC to keep solar growing in California by creating a strong NEM 3.0
  • Pick from any of the points below and personalize them:
  1. State your name and organization or location.  
  2. Indicate you are calling in to urge the CPUC to keep solar growing in California by creating a strong NEM 3.0
  3. Pick from any of the points below and personalize them:
  • The state has said that we need to triple the amount of rooftop solar we have in order to meet our climate goals.  This simply will not happen if the economics of going solar are cut in half and payback periods increase to well over the warranty for systems expires, as proposed in the joint IOU NEM proposal.
  • California has ambitious climate goals that we will not meet with utility scale solar and wind alone, we need to expand solar access to disadvantaged communities in order to not only meet our climate goals, but help alleviate the burden of skyrocketing energy costs.
  • California will continue to suffer from power outages if we don't rapidly deploy more solar and battery storage.
  • Local distributed solar saves every ratepayer money.  Rooftop solar reduces the cost of maintaining long distance power lines as well as wildfire costs associated with long distance power lines.  Vibrant Clean Energy conducted a study that showed rooftop solar can save California ratepayers $120 billion while creating 374,000 new green jobs. 
  • We are in a climate crisis and should be doing everything we can to expand rooftop solar access and transition away from dirty energy, which is contributing to climate injustices and accelerating the climate crisis.
  • Please don’t take away opportunities for LMI ratepayers who are finally able to afford solar. Rooftop solar protects families who are struggling to pay skyrocketing electricity prices.

Assembly Bill 1139 (AB 1139), introduced by San Diego’s Assemblymember Lorena Gonzalez, would kill "net energy metering" (NEM), the policy that has allowed rooftop solar to continue to grow sustainably and become increasingly accessible to low-and-moderate income consumers.

The bill would make going solar more expensive for every ratepayer, including those on the discounted California Alternate Rates for Energy Program (CARE), while eliminating the 20-year NEM grandfathering protections for residential solar customers who could not afford to purchase their system upfront and for businesses that did not previously incur demand charges on their bill, in addition to introducing new fixed upfront fees, which an analysis shows will effectively tank all existing and future rooftop solar investments.  This endangers the new solar homes mandate since the requirement can only be enforced by the Energy Commission if its cost effective.

This bill disregards studies that show solar is a net benefit to all ratepayers, while presuming that solar is the sole form of utility rate “cost shifting” and that killing rooftop solar will prevent the investor-owned utilities from raising rates on low-and-middle income households in the name of remaining solvent after losing revenue from solar customers.

The reality is that this bill promotes rate increases on every ratepayer across the board, since it fuels the investor-owned utilities’ main justification for rate increases, namely new infrastructure.

The utilities are contractually guaranteed a profit, often around 10%, on any infrastructure they build, and local rooftop solar reduces the need for that infrastructure.  The investor-owned utilities would prefer to see desert solar as the only means of reaching California’s state-mandated climate goals, because it would require large amounts of new transmission and distribution infrastructure to bring the clean energy into our communities from far away, and the utilities get Renewable Portfolio Standard credits for these systems.  This bill is very lucrative for the investor-owned utilities as it allows them to profit from the new infrastructure (and pass along any costs from wildfires caused by its transmission lines) while killing their largest competitor, the rooftop solar industry.

Public purpose programs, like San Diego Gas & Electric’s Power Your Drive program, were mismanaged and forced overspending to the tune of $25 million, which was then cost-shifted to ratepayers. These are the cost shifts that truly increase rates and should be addressed, not rooftop solar, which is shown to provide a net benefit to the grid. The Los Angeles Times reported on a Vibrant Clean Energy study that stated rooftop solar could save all ratepayers upwards of $473 billion dollars, and not installing rooftop solar could cause ratepayers to pay $385 billion more.

This bill would increase our reliance on dirty fossil fuels during a climate crisis, and make it nearly impossible to meet our 100% clean energy goals, while promoting further climate injustices in California and killing the state’s solar industry, which accounts for thousands of jobs and billions of dollars in economic benefit.

Community Voices
Summary of AB 1139 as Currently Written

Eliminates net metering 

Reduces grandfathering for commercial customers without demand charges as well as residential customers who could not afford to purchase their system outright 

Adds additional fixed monthly charges  

Gives the Public Utilities Commission a deadline to enact a new tariff 

Letter Refuting CA Assembly U&E Committee Analysis
Click the item below to view or download
What Has Transpired

AB 1139 was heard in the California Assembly Utilities & Energy (U&E) Committee on Wednesday, April 21, 2021.  More than 100 environmental, solar, climate justice and other advocacy groups called into the meeting and over 50 organizations wrote to Assemblymember Gonzalez to urge her to make amendments given the bill would effectively kill the rooftop solar industry.

The bill is now co-authored by Assemblymember Wendy Carrillo, who introduced a net metering reform bill in 2020, which failed.  Parts of that failed bill are in AB 1139.  Assemblymember Carrillo is a representative in the SoCalGas service territory, a subsidiary of Sempra Energy, parent company of SDG&E.  Both Assemblymember Gonzalez and Assemblymember Carrillo have received tens of thousands of dollars in campaign money from Sempra Energy and Southern California Edison.

Nearly ninety percent of callers opposed the bill, ranging from families with solar, nonprofit organizations, climate and equity activists, a former oil worker in Kern County who’s seen environmental racism from fossil fuels first hand and International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers signatory contractor Sullivan Solar Power.  Another union contractor, Baker Electric Home Energy, in addition to the Center for Sustainable Energy and GRID Alternatives, program administrators for the state's $1 billion “Solar on Multifamily Affordable Housing” rebate program, also called in to oppose the bill.

Despite this public outcry of concern, it was not enough to prevent the bill from passing through the Assembly U&E Committee and it was referred to the California Assembly Appropriations committee, which the bill’s original author chairs.  

Significant amendments were made to the bill on April 21st 2021 by the Assembly U&E Committee, followed by amendments on May 28th 2021.  The amendments make this bill go from a bad bill, to the worst attack on rooftop solar to date. 

Amendments to AB 1139 include:

Since the current/amended version of the bill eliminates its pro-equity provisions (increased CARE subsidies and funding for low-income solar) and adds additional anti-solar language, this bill needs to be stopped.

The Appropriations committee hearing of AB 1139 was on May 19th, 2021, during which the bill was put on the Suspense File, where the committee sends bills to evaluate their fiscal impacts.  The Assembly Appropriations Committee moved AB 1139 off of the Suspense File during their hearing on May 20th 2021.  AB 1139 came up for an Assembly floor vote on June 2nd 2021 and was put on hold after only receiving 27 aye votes out of the 41 needed to pass.  

On June 3rd 2021 the bill was placed in the Assembly's Inactive File, which is primarily used for bills that don't have enough votes to move out of their house of origin.  While the author could remove the bill from the Inactive File and bring it back up for a vote, there needs to be a 1-day notice, and the deadline to move bills out of the house of origin is June 4th 2021.  Assemblymember Gonzales' office confirmed the bill will not move forward in 2021.  This is a monumental victory given the politics that were at play, and a testament to the power of the people.  While this victory by climate advocates over the utilities and their special interests should be celebrated, we must remain vigilant since language from AB 1139 could be reintroduced into another bill going through the state legislature this year.  

Below is the list of representatives that voted NO on AB 1139.  Please thank them for standing up for the environment and a just, liveable future!

*Please note that we will be checking on the status of the bill regularly and updating this page with the latest information.* 

Contact your local representative to voice your concern, and tell them to oppose AB 1139 as amended! Pre-drafted language is below.  Sign the petition telling Governor Newsom to stand up to the utilities!


My name is [insert name] and I am a [insert status, affiliation, or organization as applicable] from [insert location].  I oppose AB 1139 as amended, and urge you to vote NO on AB 1139.  This bill would kill the rooftop solar industry and [pick point(s) from the list below].

Organizations Opposing AB 1139
List as of May 27th 2021. Please contact us if you would like to add your organization.
350 Bay Area Action
350 Butte County
350 Silicon Valley
350 Ventura County Climate Hub
A Stellar Co
Active San Gabriel Valley
Aloha Solar Power
American Federation of Teachers
Association of California School Administrators
Baker Electric
Baker Electric Home Energy
Bquest Foundation
Business For Good San Diego
California Alliance for Community Energy
California Democratic Renters Council
California Interfaith Power and Light
California Public Interest Research Group
California Solar and Storage Association
California Young Democrats
Center for Community Energy
Center for Sustainable Energy
Chico 350
Citizens Climate Lobby
Citizens Franchise Alliance
Clean Coalition
Clean Earth for Kids
Clean Power Campaign
Clear Spot Energy
Climate Action Campaign
Climate Hawks Vote
Conejo 350
Conejo Climate Coalition
Corona Enterprises
Defenders of Wildlife
Del Paso Heights Growers Alliance
EAH Housing
Earth Day LA
Earth Justice
Eco San Diego
Environment California
Fallbrook Climate Action Team
Feminists in Action
Food and Water Watch
Fossil Free California
Glendale Environmental Coalition
Green New Deal UCSD
Green Power Romero Institute
Grid Alternatives
Hammond Climate Solutions
HES Solar
Humbolt Young Democrats
I Am Green And So Are You
Indivisible Alta Pasadena
Indivisible Beach Cities
Indivisible CA 33
Indivisible CA 37
Indivisible CA 43
Indivisible California Green Team
Indivisible Los Gatos
Indivisible Marin
Indivisible Ross Valley
Indivisible Sacramento
Indivisible San Pedro
Indivisible South Bay Los Angeles
Indivisible Stanislaus
Indivisible Ventura
Indivisible Yolo
Livermore Indivisible
Local Clean Energy Alliance
Long Beach Alliance for Clean Energy
Morongo Basin Conservation Association
Mujeres De La Tierra
Mystery Org
National Parks Conservation Association
Normal Heights Indivisible
North County Climate Change Alliance
Northern California Land Trust
People Power Solar Cooperative
Progressive Caucus California Democratic Party
Progressive Democrats of America
Redwood Energy
Romero Institute
Rooted in Resistance
San Diego 350
San Diego Climate Hub
San Diego Coast Keeper
San Diego County Democrats for Environmental Action
San Diego Energy District
San Diego Green Building Council
San Diego Green New Deal
San Francisco Bay Area Extinction Rebellion
San Francisco League of Conservation Voters
Santa Cruz Climate Action Network
Santa Cruz Indivisible
School Energy Coalition
Sierra Club
Silicon Valley Leadership Group
SoCal 350 Climate Action
Social Eco Education
Solar Rights Alliance
South Bay 350 Los Angeles
Sullivan Solar Power
Sunrise Movement Redding
Sustainable Marin
Sustainable Mill Valley
Sustainable Urban Network
The Climate Center
The Climate Reality Project
The Environmental Justice Coalition for Water
The Resistance Northridge Indivisible
The Rural Caucus California Democratic Party
University Professional and Technical Employees
Uptown Tavern
Vote Solar
Analogies for the Investor-Owned Utility's "Cost Shifting" Talking Point

"Now that there are more and more vegetarians, beef consumption is down.  Therefore we will not make the profit we expected from the feedlots and slaughterhouses we were planning to build.  To make the profit we are entitled to we will have to raise the cost of beef.  Since everyone knows vegetarians are rich yuppies they are shifting the cost of beef onto poor red blooded American beef eaters.  Therefore the government must give us the right to tax vegetables to make everything fair."  - Beef industry lobbyist

“We need to tell our grocery store customers that they should pay an entrance fee if they plant a vegetable garden.” - Grocery store owner